After meeting with Leslie, our garden designer, I began to make a list of flowers and plants that are native to New Mexico and would appeal to the pollinators. Native plants require less or no fertilizers, pesticides, water (compared to invasive species), they are less invasive in habitats, the provide habitats for the wildlife, and they promote local native biological diversity (page 107 of Attracting Native Pollinators).
(A California Poppy) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ec/California_poppy.jpg
(Common Sunflower) http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3288/2957830627_6fa1a176ac_o.jpg
To appeal to the bees and wasps, I chose flowers that were easy access for them so they could get the nectar and pollen. Some flower types that are good for bees are flowers that are tubular so they can burrow into them and collect nectar and pollen, which would be spread to the next plants they flew to.
To appeal to flies, I wanted to find shallow or flat flowers so they can gather nectar and pollen with their short, sucking mouth parts.
To appeal to butterflies, I wanted to choose deep flowers because they have long, tongue-like mouth parts. Butterflies are also attracted to red flowers.
(A Firecracker Penstemon) http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8073/8335916794_c2e3848206_h.jpg
(Rocky Mountain Beeplant) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/13/Cleome_serrulata1.jpg
For the moths, I wanted to find some form of yucca because yuccas are defendant of them. Although adults moths do not functional moths or digestive tracts, they still spread pollen on their bodies and the young moths feed on pollen and nectar. They are also attracted to red flowers.
For the beetles, I wanted to choose bowl-shaped flowers with stamens and pistils. They feed on nectar and pollen, but sometimes also eat the flower petals.
Lastly, for hummingbirds, I wanted to choose deep flowers for their long beaks and they also are attracted to the color red. Other birds are attracted to flowers and fruit that have seeds.
(Rocky Mountain Clover) http://farm7.staticflickr.com/6139/5929468193_9863be5c8d_o.jpg
(Trumpet Vine) http://pixabay.com/p-173678/?no_redirect
The flower that appealed to all of the pollinators was the Firecracker Penstemon. The flowers that appealed to…
Bees: Russian Sage, Blanket Flowers, Common Sunflowers, Mexican Hats, Rocky Mountain Beeplants, Rocky Mountain Clover, California Poppies, Trumpet Vine, Vetch, Pincushion Cactus, Vitex, Blue Morning Glory, and Desert Marigolds
Flies: Blanket Flowers, Common Sunflowers, Trumpet Vine, Pincushion Cactus, and Blue Morning Glory
Butterflies: Blanket Flowers, Common Sunflowers, Vetch, Vitex, Blue Morning Glories, and Desert Marigolds
Moths: Mexican Evening Primrose, Blanket Flowers, Common Sunflowers, Vitex, Blue Morning Glories, and Datura
Beetles: Blanket Flowers, Common Sunflowers, Mexican Hats, Trumpet Vine, Blue Morning Glories, and Desert Marigolds
Hummingbirds: Trumpet Vine, Vitex, and Desert Marigolds
Other small birds: Common Sunflowers
(Mexican Evening Primrose) http://www.wildflower.org/image_archive/640×480/PCD3441/PCD3441_IMG0016.JPG
Attracting Native Pollinators (The Xerces Society Guide) by: Eric Muder